Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus, Vol 83, No 1 (2018)

Estimation of Soil Properties Based on Soil Colour Index

Jaroslav NOVÁK, Vojtěch LUKAS, Jan KŘEN

Pages: 71-76


Knowledge on soil properties is an important aspect in the implementation of precision agriculture. For this study was used an image taken by Sentinel 2 depicting fields of one farm with 8,261 ha in the South Moravian region of the Czech Republic. For the determination of soil properties, soil samples were taken at a density of 1 sample per 3 hectares and analyzed by Mehlich III methodology. The content of available nutrients phosphorus, potassium, magnesium and calcium have been determined together with soil pH, soil texture and sand. The specified sampling revealed high variability for phosphorus, potassium and calcium. Lower variability has been observed with magnesium and pH. An identification of bare soil area without vegetation cover was tested by different threshold values of Normalized vegetation difference index (NDVI) (0.15 – 0.3). The correlations between the multispectral bands and the soil properties were weak. In the analysis of soil samples was detected positive correlation (r = 0.505) between soil texture and Colour Index (CI). In area was found a negative correlation between CI and Ca (r = -0.618), then between CI and pH (r = -0.504). Weak correlation were found between CI, phosphorus and magnesium. At the level of lower NDVI values (0.16 - 0.15) we found correlation between CI and the sand content. The observed level of correlation found in the data of remote sensing can predict some soil properties in fields that have not been subjected to soil sampling and facilitate learning about soil properties for decisions in precision agriculture.


precision agriculture; soil properties; Mehlich III; Sentinel 2; NDVI; Colour Index.

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