Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus, Vol 79, No 2 (2014)

Leaf Morpho–physiology and Leaf-Fe Content of Selected Quince Genotypes from Different Parts of Iran


Pages: 103-107


The objectives of this study were to compare genotype variability of leaf morphophysiology and leaf-Fe content, as well as to select quince genotypes possessing desirable characteristics for possible use in breeding projects. Leaves were sampled from 28 quince genotypes that were selected from different parts of Iran. Selected genotypes were grown under the same environmental conditions in nursery of Seed and Plant Improvement Institute. The results suggest that estimated variations of studied leaf chlorophyll fluorescence parameters were slight, but statistically significant. The highest variability was estimated for the leaf area, and somewhat lower for the specific leaf area. The leaves of genotype KM1 had the smallest amount of leaf area and leaf laminar length. Leaf chlorophyll (SPAD-Values) and leaf laminar petiole were the highest for the genotype NB2. The genotype SHAI had the highest minimum chlorophyll fluorescence (F0). The highest value of fluorescence variable (FV) and chlorophyll fluorescence (FM) belonged to Moghavem2. The lowest minimum chlorophyll fluorescence (F0) and the highest value of photochemical capacity of photosystem 2 (FV/FM) belonged to the Khosro. The highest amount of leaf laminar width, leaf dry weight and leaf area belonged to sahelborgmoghavem. The leaves of genotype KVD1 had the highest amount of specific leaf area. Simple correlation analysis showed significant negative and positive correlations for some important characteristics. Factor analysis revealed that chlorophyll fluorescence (FM), fluorescence variable (FV), minimum chlorophyll fluorescence (F0) and leaf area were related to the main factor components. Cluster analysis for selective factors divided quince genotypes to five main groups.


leaf morphology; chlorophyll fluorescence parameters; leaf chlorophyll; leaf-Fe content; quince genotypes

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