Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus, Vol 78, No 2 (2013)

Parameters of AMMI Model for Yield Stability Analysis in Durum Wheat


Pages: 119-124


The improvement of new genotypes with acceptable yield stability in different environments is an important issue in breeding programs. In order to study genotype × environment (GE) interaction and to determine the most stable durum wheat genotypes, field experiments were conducted with 20 genotypes for three years (2007-2009). Results showed highly significant GE interaction indicating the possibility of selection for the most stable genotypes. The AMMI (additive main effect and multiplicative interaction) analysis indicated that the first five axes were significant based on F-test of Gollob while the other tests (FGH1 and FGH2) identified first three axes as significant AMMI model components. Furthermore, according to FRatio test and cross validation results, only first two axes were significant. According to these distinct numbers of significant axes, sixteen AMMI stability parameters plus ASV
(AMMI stability value) were computed. Our results showed that EV- and D-based parameters, displayed G7 and G8, SIPC-based parameters indicated G3 and G4 and AMGE-based parameters identified G15 as the most stable genotypes. Genotypes G15 and G7 were the highest mean yielding genotypes and so they could be regarded as the most favorable durum wheat genotypes. The results of this investigation proved that the most of AMMI stability parameters are suitable indices for discriminating stable genotypes and AMGE-based parameters can detect highly seed yield genotypes with good stability.


AMMI; durum wheat; genotype × environment interaction; multi-environment trial

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