Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus, Vol 67, No 3 (2002)

Brood development of different carniolan bee ecotypes (Apis mellifera carnica Pollmann, 1879)

Dragan BUBALO, Maja DRAŽIĆ, Nikola KEZIĆ

Pages: 117-123


Brood development of different carniolan honeybee ecotypes (Apis mellifera carnica Pollmann, 1879) was carried out in condition of pannonian and alpine climate. The colonies on both experimental apiaries were divided in the three groups, each 12 queens, of alpine (Austria), subalpine (Slovenia) and pannonian (Croatia) ecotype. The experiment was designed to monitor development of brood, the total number of laid cells and colony strength. In particular part of the year, experimental ecotypes shown significant differences in area of unsealed and sealed brood in both climate. In the whole season there was not established significant difference between ecotypes regarding to development of drone brood. In pannonian climate, in comparison to alpine climate, the number of laid eggs was higher for all ecotypes. Pannonian ecotype did not recognize all food sources in the new environment, which could be seen in the lack of pollen in the colonies at the alpine climate during last two measuriments. The lack of pollen affected the weakening of the colonies laiter in the season.


brood development; Apis mellifera carnica; ecotype

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