Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus, Vol 68, No 3 (2003)

Three Concepts of Competitiveness Measures for Livestock Production in Central and Eastern Europe


Pages: 209-220


This paper provides the overview of competitiveness measures applied in measuring competitiveness of livestock production in Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries. Three concepts of competitiveness are presented that are based on (i) Porter’s diamond of competitive advantage, (ii) competitiveness measures based on accountancy data and Policy Analysis Matrix (PAM approach, and (iii) competitiveness measures based on international trade data. On the basis of the presented results the paper evaluates competitiveness of livestock production in CEE countries focusing on policy implications of transition and integration of CEE’s countries livestock sectors into the Single European Market. Low international competitiveness In CEE countries is for beef and milk, but with some indices of most recent improvements. Pork production (e.g. in Bulgaria) and sheep production (e.g. in Slovakia) may become internationally competitive. Less clear pattern is for the poultry sector. Some improvements may arise as result of a deep restructuring, quality, technology and efficiency improvements and rationalisation of costs, including in food processing.


competitiveness; livestock sector; Central and Eastern Europe

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