Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus, Vol 70, No 3 (2005)

Genetic Diversity in Rosa as Revealed by RAPDs

Sergio Gustavo ATIENZA, Ana Maria TORRES, Teresa MILLAN, Jose Ignacio CUBERO

Pages: 75-85


We aim to study the variability within genus Rosa. To accomplish this we have analyzed a plant material collection (109 accessions) including all sections but one, as well as many intermediate forms and hybrids. We also aim to study the consistency of the groups considered within section Caninae (‘caninae’, ‘rubiginosa’ and ‘tomentosa’) as well as of the subgenus Hulthemia. A dendrogram was constructed based on RAPDs data. The variability found in the dendrogram was discussed according to sectional status and geographic origin. Our results indicate that there is no clear distinction between Caninae groups when many intermediate forms are considered. Besides, the subgenus Hulthemia seems to merit just a sectional status as proposed by other authors for other subgenus. The heterogeneity found in the dendrogram with respect to sectional status suggests the lack of clear reproductive barriers as is common with long lived woody perennial plants. Sect. Cassiorhodon may be considered as the Type of the genus since it shows the widest geographical distribution, the widest crossing ability within the Genus and it appears in most groups of the dendrogram suggesting to be the most representative Section.


Rosa L.; geographic distribution; taxonomy; genetic resources; molecular markers; RAPDs

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